Parish: Tirza Parish
Area: 130.45 km2
General information: Until the 6th century. the territory of the parish was inhabited by the Selians. Until the 14th century. The territory of Tirza belonged to Latgalian Talava region. The presence of Sēļi has remained in the dialect of Tirzmala and Viran. Tirza is first mentioned in historical sources in the 16th century. (Tirsenhof). The first stone castle belonged to the Archbishop of Riga, later it was leased to Barons Tizenhausen. The castle was burnt down during the Livonian War, when one of the biggest battles of this war took place on the river Tirza. Rich cultural and historical information is provided by folk songs and place names recorded in Tirza, which are compiled in a collection and a map of place names. Tirza has a long cultural and historical tradition. The parish borders with Lizums, Druviena, Galgauskas, Jaungulbene, Lejasciems. The splendor of the nature of Tirza can be seen from any hill. The highest mountains are Vasukalns and Torņakalns. The hills alternate with the plains. The Tirza River, which is a tributary of the right bank of the Gauja, flows through the territory of the parish. Azanda, Gosupe and Virāne help Tirza find a faster flow to the Gauja. Different species of fish live in the river waters. The Great Lake Virāne is located in the territory of the parish. There are many small rivers, streams and springs. The largest forest massif connects Tirza with Vecaduliena.
Entrepreneurship: The largest entrepreneurs in Tirza: SIA „Kraujas Z”, z / s „Lejaszosēni”, „RC-Līnija”, z / s „Subri”, biological p / s „Avotiņi" .
Education: 17th-18th centuries The foundation of education has been formed by the Tirza Evangelical Lutheran Church and the parish school, since the second half of the 19th century the parish school. Since 1990, the school has been under the supervision of Tirza Parish Municipality.
Tirza Primary School is a municipal educational institution. The origins of schools in Tirza can be traced back more than 300 years. The current school building was built in 1867 as Tirza Parish School. In 2005-2007, the school building and boarding school were renovated, an extension was built and the gym was put into operation. The school has an aesthetic, orderly environment for learning, recreation and sports. It is possible to use the school boarding school. Tirza Primary School implements general primary education programs, training of preschool children, special education programs, integrating children with health disabilities, interest programs, adult education programs.
The school offers the following opportunities:
· In-depth study of English and Russian;
· Develop talents in the visual and dance arts;
· To develop scientific research works;
· Sing in a choir and learn to play the piano in class;
· Train in different sports;
· Attend educational, recreational and sports camps;
· To learn the basics of entrepreneurship and work in student training companies.
Organizes excursions and classes on the cultural history of Latvia and Tirza parish, offers accommodation for tourists and camps. Offers non-formal education opportunities for adults.
Culture: Information about publishing books for reading has been available since 1839 (pastor Štacs), in 1885 the public library of Tirza "Krācēs" was opened by J. Misiņš, the founder of the Latvian bibliography.
Tirza Library is the only free publicly available place for obtaining electronic information in the parish. Offer of library services: publishing of books, use of computers and Internet, SBA services, local history materials, copying, printing, scanning, Lursoft, Latvian databases.
The House of Culture is operating in the 2011/2012 season: see here, http://www.gulbene.lv/index.php/klt/54-kolektivi/4173-gulbe
Health: In the building where the rural hospital used to be, high-quality social and health care services are provided by the Tirza Social and Health Care House "Doktorāts" with a family doctor's practice. Accepted by family doctor Dace Mūrniece.
Religion: Tirza has a long cultural and historical tradition. 17th-18th centuries The foundations of education have been laid by the Tirza Evangelical Lutheran Church (19th century) and the school of friendship since the 19th century. the parish school on the other side, the current Tirza primary school with the first sports hall in the countryside.
Cultural and natural monuments: Tirza attracts with its visually high-quality landscapes, the meandering river Tirza, Āži HPP, areas with great biodiversity and ecologically clean environment. One of the most visited objects of the guests of the parish is the house of the Tirza-Velena Agricultural Society, where an exhibition of works by the photographer F. Knok and the tapestry “Tirza Road” woven at the 3rd World Meeting of Tirzmalis are exhibited; Tirza Holy Spring, Tirza Canteen Cemetery-a monument to the members of the Tirza parish who died in the First World War and the War of Independence, an exposition of the history of the USSR period in the former collective farm dispatchers and an exposition of cultural and historical heritage in Ziedukalns. The former building of the Tirza-Velena Agricultural Association, now the Association House has become the administrative and cultural center of the parish, where the parish administration, culture house, library and information center, the association "Tirza Parish Development Association", the Tirza Cooperative Credit Union, post office are located. Tirza Parish is associated with the rich cultural history provided by folk songs and place names recorded in Tirza, which are compiled in a collection and a map of place names.
Notable personalities: The roots of many notable Latvian artists, writers, theologians and politicians can be found in Tirza parish and parish, born and lived here - poets Tirzmaliete (M. Dzelzkalne) and Elza Ķezbere, writers Andrievs and Aida Niedra, opera singer and writer Mariss Vētzn Ludolfs Liberts, professor of theology Voldemārs Maldonis, bibliographer Jānis Misiņš, graphic artist-waterist Pauls Kalējs-Duškins.