Tirza parish

Parish: Tirza Parish
Population: 817
Area: 130.45 km2
General information: Until the 6th c. the territory of the parish was inhabited by the Seleucids. Until the 14th century The territory of Tirza was part of the Tālava region of Latgali. The presence of sele has been preserved in the Tirzmalian and Viranian languages. Tirza was first mentioned in historical sources in the 16th century. (Tirsenhof). The first stone castle belonged to the Archbishop of Riga, later leased to the Barons Tiezenhausen. The castle was burned down during the Livonian War, when one of the biggest battles of that war took place near the Tirza River. Rich cultural and historical information is provided by the folk songs and place names recorded in Tirza, collected in the collection and the map of place names. Tirzah has long cultural and historical traditions. The parish borders Lizum, Druvien, Galgauska, Jaungulbeni, Lejasciema. The splendor of Tirza's nature can be observed from any hill. The highest mountains in the terrain are Vasukalns and Torņakalns. Hills alternate with plains. The Tirza river flows through the territory of the parish, which is a tributary of the right bank of the Gauja. Azanda, Gosupe and Virāne help Tirza find a faster flow to Gauja. The Great Virāne lake is located in the territory of the parish. There are many small rivers, streams and springs. The largest massif of forests connects Tirza with Vecadulien.
Business: The largest business operators in Tirza: z/s "Lejaszosēni", "RC-Līnija", z/s, "Subri", biological p/s "Avotiņi", SIA "RTG", SIA "Ābolāji", "Tirzas bullis" .
Education: 17th - 18th centuries. The foundations of education have been formed by the Tirza Evangelical Lutheran Church and parish school since the 19th century. the parish school of the second half, now the Tirza primary school with the first sports hall in the rural area.
The beginnings of schools in Tirza can be traced back more than 300 years. The current school building was built in 1867 as Tirza parish school. Between 2005 and 2007, the school building and dormitory were renovated, an extension was built and a sports hall was put into operation. The school has an aesthetic, organized environment for learning, recreation and sports. It is possible to use the boarding school. Tirza elementary school implements the general basic education program, training of preschool children, special education programs, integrating children with health developmental disorders, interest programs, adult education programs.

Culture: There is news about the issuing of books for reading since 1839 (pastor Štacs), in 1885 the public library in Tirza "Krācēs" was opened by J. Misiņš - the founder of Latvian bibliography.
The Tirza library is the only free publicly available electronic information acquisition site in the parish. Offer of library services: issuing books, serving readers at home, using computers and the Internet, SBA services, regional research materials, copying, printing, scanning, spiral binding of documents, creative workshops for various target groups, non-formal education promotion events for adults, Lursoft, Latvian databases.
The Tirza Culture House provides an opportunity for the residents of the parish to get involved in amateur art collectives and interest clubs.

Health: In the building where a rural hospital used to be, quality social and health care services are provided by the Tirza social and health care house "Doktorāt" with a family doctor's practice. Accepted by family doctor Dace Mūrniece.

Religion: Tirza Evangelical Lutheran Church is the oldest church in Gulbene district. It was built according to the project of architect F. Siegel, consecrated in 1826.

Cultural and natural monuments: Tirza attracts with visually high quality landscapes, with the winding Tirza river, Āžu HPP, territories with great biological diversity and ecologically clean environment. One of the most visited objects of parish guests is the house of the Tirza-Velēna Agricultural Society, where an exhibition of the works of the photographer F. Knok and the tapestry "Tirza path" woven at the III World Tirzmalian Association are exhibited; Tirza's holy spring, Tirza's Kancēna cemetery - a monument to Tirza's parishioners who fell in World War 1 and the Freedom Struggle, an exhibition of historical evidence from the USSR period in the former kolkhoz dispatcher's premises and an exhibition of cultural and historical heritage in "Ziedukalna". The former building of the Tirza-Velēna agricultural society, now the building of the society has become the administrative and cultural center of the parish, where the parish administration, culture house, library and information center, association "Tirza parish development society", Tirza cooperative credit union, post office are located. Tirza Parish is associated with the rich cultural history provided by folk songs and place names recorded in Tirza, collected in the collection and place name map.
Notable personalities: The roots of the families of many prominent Latvian artists, writers, theologians and politicians can be found in Tirza parish and parish, poets Tirzmaliete (M. Dzelzkalne) and Elza Ķezbere, writers Andrievs and Aida Niedra, opera singer and writer Mariss Vētra, painter Ludolfs Liberts, professor of theology Voldemārs Maldonis, bibliographer Jānis Misiņš, graphic artist-watercolorist Pauls Kalējs-Dushkins.
The latest information about Tirza Parish on the Internet: www.tirza.lv, www.tirzasskola.lv, https://www.gulbene.lv/lv/nvd/ppt/198-trp