Rankas parish

Parish: Ranka parish
Population: 1259
Area: 184 km2
General information: Rankas parish is located in Gulbene county, bordering Lizumas and Druvienas parishes in Gulbene county, as well as Jaunpiebalga parish in Cēsi county, Drustu and Variņu parishes in Smiltenes county. Largest settlements: Ranka, Gaujasräveli, Räveli. The Gauja, Azanda, Uriekste, Sace, Degļupīte, Lazdupīte, Pāpanupīte, Palsa flow through the parish. There are several small lakes in the parish - Kalmodu (Baltezers, area - 23 ha), Cepļu (Melnezers, area - 12 ha), Telēzers, Jāneļu and Pundurezers. There are several reservoirs and swamps in the territory of the parish.
Parish history: Ranka (formerly Ramka) 13th century. was part of Tālava county. Ranka's name comes from the name of Rameķs, the son of the Latgali leader Tālivalža. The name of Ranka was mentioned in historical sources for the first time in 1528, when the Archbishop of Riga bequeathed the Ranka manor to his advisor K. von Rozen. Ranka is recognizable in old times by the activities of the Ranka pape factory, Ranka modernity, Ranka housekeeping school, Forest school. In 2003, L. Silzemnieks wrote the book "Rameka" about the ancient history of Ranka parish. The emergence of Ranka parish is also evidenced by a romantic testimony. Once upon a time, the ruler of Tālava, Tālivaldi, had a son, Rameķis, to whom his father gave land to settle. Ramekis built a castle on the hill. From that time, the land of Rameks was called after him, which gradually became Ramka. The mound is now known as the Mound mound.
Entrepreneurship: 88 farms operate in Ranka parish. The largest of them are "Ķelmēni", "Kalnakalvi", "Kalna Pakalnieši", "Sejatas", "Mazruciņi". A/S "Rankas piens", SIA Vecpāpani, KS "Sējējs", KS "Amatnieks", SIA "Grantiņi 1", SIA "Kaudžu purvs", SIA "Woodkoks", SIA "Rankas Rori" operate in the parish. Four small HPPs are operating - Pilskalnas, Gaujas, "Ranka Hidro" and Lācīšu.
Education: In the parish there is a pre-school educational institution "Abelite", Ranka primary school, Ogre technical school Ranka territorial unit.
Culture: The parish has a culture house (500 seats in the hall) and 2 structural units of the Gulbene county library - the Ranka library and the Gaujasrēveli library, the Gaujasrēveli library and the Ranka cultural and historical heritage center operate in the historical Rēveli (formerly Elizabetes) primary school.
The youth initiative center "B.u.M.s." is available to the youth of the parish.
Health: Ranka's doctorate is active.
Religion: Believers visit the church of Jaunpiebalga, Velena and Smiltene. There is a cemetery in Ranka (consecrated in 1927).
Cultural and natural monuments:
In Ranka parish, architectural buildings of local significance - Elizabeth (1880) and Luther school buildings (1887) attract attention.

The Ranka manor complex is the pearl of the parish with a beautiful sculpture park, water lilies in the ponds, concert halls, a collection of retro cars, a hotel and a large library. It is possible to visit Our Lady of Lourdes and St. Bernadette's Roman Catholic chapel, where St. Mass.
The following archeological monuments are located in the Ranka parish: Kaudžu Pilskalns, Sejatu Senkapi (Krakaliņš), Silaješku Pilskalns (Velna Kalns), also an architectural monument of national importance - the building of the Ranka Manor. Protected natural objects are Ranka Park, Rutkaviņu springs, Liela purva nature reserve.
Notable personalities: Many notable persons are also connected with Ranka parish: K.O. Kraujiņš (1879-1975) – writer, E. Bauers (1882-1926) – agronomist, member of the People's Council, Constituent Assembly and Saeima, Minister of Agriculture, A. Raisters (1888-1967) – architect, Ē.Raisters (1905-1967) – poet, journalist, O. Čakars (1908-1999) – literary historian, LVU lecturer, B. Krūmiņš (1924 ) – Deputy Governor of South Australia, head of the Adelaide Latvian Society, G. Graudiņš (1926) – Donor of the "Dauderi" Culture Museum collection, U. Pūcītis (1937-2000) – actor, director, M. Krigena (1939) – opera singer, music teacher, M.Caune (1941) – book publisher, S.Jaunarāja (1944) – translator, M.Dinga (1949) – ballet dancer, teacher, R.Apalup (1942) – member of the 6th Saeima of the Republic of Lithuania etc.

The latest information about Ranka Parish on the Internet: www.ranka.lv, https://www.gulbene.lv/lv/nvd/ppt/195-rp